Jülich research generates innovations from which industry and society benefit and which result in property rights and licence agreements. Property rights include inventions for which patent applications have been filed as well as patents granted. An invention is patentable if it is novel, involves an inventive step and is commercially usable.
The patent portfolio is made up of the patent families and the total number of property rights. A patent family, in turn, consists of one or more patents in Germany or abroad that relate to one patentable technology. The total number also includes European patent applications and international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), each of which comprises several individual property rights. The PCT is an international treaty that makes it possible to apply for a patent for all contracting states of the PCT by filing a single patent application.
A licence grants the licensee the use of an industrial property right, of know-how or software. For example, a company or research institution can use a patent of Forschungszentrum Jülich as a licensee.